Sushi Mat: Definition and Cooking Information

A sushi mat, traditionally known as a makisu, is a small but essential tool in the art of making sushi, particularly rolled sushi or maki. This mat typically consists of thin bamboo sticks tied together with cotton string, forming a flexible, rollable sheet. In some modern variants, plastic is used instead of bamboo. The primary purpose of a sushi mat is to shape and compress sushi rolls, ensuring that the ingredients are tightly wrapped within the seaweed (nori) and maintain their form. This tool is crucial for both professional chefs and home cooks who want to replicate the precision and delicacy of authentic Japanese sushi.

Understanding the Sushi Mat

Composition and Design

The traditional sushi mat is made of bamboo, a material chosen for its durability, flexibility, and natural antibacterial properties. The bamboo sticks are uniformly sized and spaced to create an even surface. The cotton string used to tie these sticks provides flexibility, allowing the mat to be rolled and manipulated easily.

Variants and Innovations

While bamboo remains the most popular material, modern sushi mats are also available in food-grade plastics. These plastic variants are easier to clean and maintain but may lack the subtle flexibility and natural feel of bamboo.

The Role of a Sushi Mat in Sushi Making

Forming Sushi Rolls

The primary function of a sushi mat is to form maki rolls. It helps in evenly distributing pressure across the roll, which is essential in achieving the compact, cylindrical shape typical of maki.

Other Uses

Beyond rolling sushi, a sushi mat can be used to shape other ingredients or dishes that require a cylindrical or rolled form, like certain types of omelets or rolled appetizers.

Selection of a Sushi Mat

Material Choice

When selecting a sushi mat, consider the material. Bamboo mats are more traditional and offer a certain aesthetic and tactile experience. Plastic mats, on the other hand, are more hygienic and easier to clean.

Size and Construction

The size of the mat should be appropriate for the type of sushi being made. Standard mats are typically around 9.5 inches by 9.5 inches. The construction should be sturdy, with the bamboo sticks or plastic slats tightly bound.

Tips for Using a Sushi Mat

Preparing the Mat

Before using a bamboo sushi mat, it’s often recommended to cover it with plastic wrap. This prevents rice from sticking to the bamboo and eases cleaning. Plastic sushi mats typically don’t require this step.

Rolling Technique

Place the nori sheet on the mat, spread the sushi rice, and add the fillings. Begin rolling by lifting the edge of the mat closest to you and gently rolling it over the fillings. Apply even pressure along the length of the roll to ensure consistency.

Cleaning and Maintaining a Sushi Mat

Bamboo Mats

After each use, a bamboo mat should be washed with water and a mild detergent. Avoid soaking bamboo mats as this can cause them to lose their shape. Allow the mat to dry completely before storing.

Plastic Mats

Plastic sushi mats can usually be cleaned in the dishwasher, making them more convenient for frequent use. Ensure the mat is dishwasher safe before attempting this.

Advanced Techniques with a Sushi Mat

Making Inside-Out Rolls

For inside-out rolls (uramaki), where the rice is on the outside, the sushi mat is used to delicately flip the nori and rice layer before adding fillings and to give the final shape to the roll.

Achieving Perfect Pressure

The key to a well-formed sushi roll is even pressure. Practice using the mat to apply consistent pressure throughout the rolling process, adjusting your technique as needed.

Creative Uses for a Sushi Mat

Beyond Sushi

Sushi mats can be used for other culinary creations that require rolling or shaping. They are versatile in making certain types of rolled pastries, vegetable rolls, or even shaping homemade chocolate bars.

Decorative Purposes

The aesthetic appeal of bamboo sushi mats can also lend them to be used as part of food presentation, adding a touch of authenticity and elegance to the serving of various Asian dishes.

Health and Safety Considerations


Ensuring the sushi mat is clean and free from food particles is crucial to prevent bacterial growth. This is especially important when working with raw ingredients commonly found in sushi.

Allergen Contamination

For those with food allergies, it’s important to consider cross-contamination. Using separate mats for different types of ingredients can be a way to mitigate this risk.

The Cultural Significance of Sushi Mats

Tradition and Craftsmanship

In Japan, the sushi mat represents more than just a tool; it symbolizes the tradition and craftsmanship behind the art of sushi making. Using a bamboo mat connects the chef with centuries-old sushi-making practices.

Modern Adaptations

As sushi has become a global phenomenon, the sushi mat has evolved, adapting to various culinary environments and practices, while still retaining its fundamental role in sushi preparation.

Exploring Varieties of Sushi with a Sushi Mat

Experimentation and Learning

Using a sushi mat allows home cooks and professionals alike to experiment with different types of sushi rolls. It can be a fun and educational tool for those looking to delve into the intricacies of sushi making.

Regional Variations

Different regions in Japan, and now around the world, have their unique takes on sushi rolls. A sushi mat can be a window into exploring these various styles and flavors.


The sushi mat, although simple in design, is a cornerstone tool in the world of sushi making. Its functionality, versatility, and connection to tradition make it an irreplaceable item in any kitchen where sushi is revered and enjoyed. Whether a novice or an experienced chef, mastering the use of a sushi mat can open up a world of culinary creativity and precision, allowing the user to not only recreate classic sushi rolls but also to innovate and experiment with their unique culinary creations.