Steamer Basket: Definition and Cooking Information

A steamer basket is an ingenious kitchen tool designed for cooking food with steam. This method of cooking, known as steaming, involves placing the food in a container (the steamer basket) over boiling water, allowing the steam to cook the food. Steamer baskets come in various materials, including bamboo, stainless steel, and silicone, and can be used in a pot or a wok. The design of the basket allows steam to circulate around the food, cooking it evenly while retaining its nutrients, color, texture, and flavor. Steamer baskets are versatile and can be used for a wide range of foods, from vegetables and fish to dumplings and bread.

Types of Steamer Baskets

Steamer baskets are available in different materials and designs, each with its unique benefits and uses.

Bamboo Steamers

Bamboo steamers are traditional in Asian cooking and are known for their natural, aesthetic appeal. They are typically used in layers, allowing multiple dishes to be cooked simultaneously. The bamboo absorbs some moisture, preventing condensation from dripping back onto the food.

Stainless Steel Steamers

These are durable and easy to clean, often coming with collapsible “petals” that can expand to fit various pot sizes. Stainless steel steamers are ideal for those looking for a more modern, long-lasting option.

Silicone Steamers

Silicone steamers are flexible, lightweight, and can withstand high temperatures. They are often brightly colored and can be collapsed for easy storage. These are a great choice for those prioritizing ease of storage and cleaning.

Choosing the Right Steamer Basket

Selecting the right steamer basket depends on your cooking needs, the type of food you typically cook, and your preferred cooking style.

Size and Compatibility

Consider the size of the pots or pans you’ll use with the steamer. Ensure the steamer fits snugly within them for efficient steaming. Additionally, think about the amount of food you usually cook – larger families or those who entertain often might benefit from a larger steamer or a multi-tiered bamboo steamer.

Material Considerations

The material of the steamer basket not only affects its durability but also its functionality. Bamboo steamers, for instance, offer excellent heat retention and add a subtle aroma to the food, while stainless steel steamers are more durable and easier to maintain.

Using a Steamer Basket

The primary use of a steamer basket is, of course, for steaming food, but there are techniques and tips to enhance your cooking experience.

Basic Steaming Technique

To steam food, fill a pot with a couple of inches of water, ensuring the water level is below the bottom of the steamer basket when placed inside. Bring the water to a boil, place the food in the basket, and cover. Steam until the food is cooked through.

Steaming Different Foods

Different foods require varying steaming times. Delicate items like fish and leafy vegetables need less time than root vegetables or meats. It’s important to adjust the steaming time based on what you’re cooking.

Care and Maintenance of Steamer Baskets

Proper care extends the life of your steamer basket and ensures safe, efficient cooking.


Bamboo steamers should be washed with warm water and a brush and air-dried completely before storing. Avoid using soap, as bamboo can absorb odors and flavors. Stainless steel and silicone steamers are generally dishwasher safe.


Store your steamer basket in a dry place to prevent mold and mildew, especially for bamboo steamers. Collapsible steamers are convenient for those with limited kitchen space.

Benefits of Steaming Food

Steaming is not only a simple cooking method but also offers numerous health and culinary benefits.

Nutrient Retention

Steaming preserves more nutrients in food compared to methods like boiling or frying. The gentle cooking process retains essential vitamins and minerals.

Flavor and Texture

Steaming maintains the natural flavor and texture of food, making it tender and moist. It’s particularly effective for delicate foods like fish and vegetables.

Creative Uses of Steamer Baskets

Beyond traditional steaming, steamer baskets can be used creatively in the kitchen.

Proofing Bread

A bamboo steamer provides an ideal environment for proofing bread, as it maintains a consistent temperature and humidity level.

Serving and Presentation

A bamboo steamer can double as an attractive serving piece, especially for Asian-inspired dishes. It keeps food warm and adds an authentic touch to the dining experience.

Steaming for Special Diets

Steamers are particularly useful for those on special diets.

Low-Fat Cooking

Since steaming doesn’t require oil, it’s ideal for low-fat or fat-free diets. It’s a cooking method that naturally reduces the need for added fats.

Cooking for Dietary Restrictions

Steaming is a straightforward method that can easily adapt to various dietary restrictions, as it allows for the natural taste of food to shine through without the need for complex seasonings or additives.

Advanced Steaming Techniques

While steaming is straightforward, certain advanced techniques can enhance the cooking process.

Infusing Flavors

Adding herbs, spices, or aromatic liquids like broth or wine to the steaming water can infuse foods with additional flavor.

Multi-Level Steaming

Using a multi-tiered bamboo steamer allows for cooking multiple dishes simultaneously. However, it’s important to strategically place items that require longer cooking times on lower levels and delicate items on top.

Steaming in Different Cuisines

Steaming plays a vital role in various cuisines around the world.

Asian Cuisine

Steaming is central in Asian cooking, used for dishes ranging from dim sum to whole steamed fish. Bamboo steamers are especially common in Chinese cooking.

Western Cuisine

In Western cuisines, steaming is often used for vegetables and fish, highlighting their natural flavors without excessive seasoning or fat.

Tips for Perfect Steaming

Achieving perfect results with steaming requires a few tips and tricks.

Don’t Overfill

Overfilling the steamer basket can lead to uneven cooking. Ensure there’s enough space for the steam to circulate around the food.

Timing is Key

Since steaming cooks food fairly quickly, it’s important to keep an eye on the timing to avoid overcooking, especially for delicate items.

Environmental Aspect of Steaming

Steaming is also an environmentally friendly cooking method.

Energy Efficiency

Steaming is energy-efficient, often requiring less cooking time and energy compared to baking or boiling.

Sustainable Materials

Choosing a bamboo steamer promotes the use of sustainable, renewable materials, which is beneficial for the environment.

Incorporating a steamer basket into your kitchen repertoire opens up a world of healthy, flavorful, and efficient cooking possibilities. From choosing the right type to exploring advanced techniques and considering its environmental impact, understanding the versatility and benefits of steamer baskets can greatly enhance your culinary adventures. Whether you are steaming vegetables for a quick side dish, preparing a delicate fish entrée, or experimenting with steamed desserts, this simple yet effective tool can transform the way you cook and enjoy food.